There are 20 cards in this set.
|The process by which individuals learn to conform to their society’s norms, values, and roles is called ________.||socialization|
|Which of the following ideas was central to Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s beliefs about socialization?||People were innately good.|
- He felt that contemporary man was enslaved to his own demands, and that this was to blame for a wide range of socio-political problems, including anything from the exploitation and dominance of others to low self-esteem and sadness. In the opinion of Rousseau, healthy government must have as its most essential goal the freedom of all of its inhabitants.
- 1 What were the main beliefs of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?
- 2 What was Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s idea of the social contract?
- 3 What are the 3 main points of Rousseau’s social contract?
- 4 What is the central idea of Rousseau’s theory of general will?
- 5 What is Rousseau’s view on the right of the strongest as discussed in The Social Contract?
- 6 How did Rousseau’s ideas and writings affect society?
- 7 What message do Jean Jacques Rousseau wish to convey in his famous maxim Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains?
- 8 What was the general will according to Rousseau quizlet?
What were the main beliefs of Jean-Jacques Rousseau?
Rousseau contended that elected officials could not make decisions on behalf of the broad will of the populace. He believed in direct democracy, in which everyone had the opportunity to vote in order to express the common will and to establish the laws of the country. Rousseau had in mind a democracy on a small size, similar to that of his home city of Geneva, and a city-state like that.
According to Rousseau’s seminal book of political theory, The Social Contract (1762), democracy and representative institutions are incompatible with one another, a view that renders democracy all but meaningless to nation-states on a global scale (see state). He contends that the sovereignty of the people can neither be alienated nor represented in any way.
Three stages of human development are examined: (a) the state of nature, in which man is free and independent; (b) society, in which man is oppressed and dependent on others; and (c) the state under the Social Contract, in which, ironically, he becomes free through obligation; he is only independent through obligation.
What is the central idea of Rousseau’s theory of general will?
Rousseau claimed in Du Contrat social (1762), often known as The Social Contract, that freedom and power are not mutually exclusive because valid laws are based on the common desire of the residents of a country. Individual citizens are thus only obeying themselves as members of a political community when they abide by the rules of the road.
What is Rousseau’s view on the right of the strongest as discussed in The Social Contract?
According to Rousseau, there is no such thing as a “right of the stronger.” Strength, on its own, merely serves to compel compliance via terror; it cannot, however, “create morality.” If “the strongest [were] always right,” the idea of “rights” would be rendered meaningless: anybody who claims that it is proper to “obey those in authority” truly means that individuals should do as they are told by those in power.
How did Rousseau’s ideas and writings affect society?
Rousseau was the least scholarly of the modern philosophers, yet he was also the most influential in many respects, according to scholars. His ideas heralded the culmination of the European Enlightenment (also known as the “Age of Reason”). He opened up new avenues for political and ethical thought to take place. His reforms transformed taste, first in music and subsequently in the other arts as a result of his efforts.
What message do Jean Jacques Rousseau wish to convey in his famous maxim Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains?
Using the well-known statement “man is born free, but he is chained everywhere,” Rousseau claims that modern nations oppress the physical freedom that is our birthright and do little to protect the civil freedom for which we enter civil society in the first place.
What was the general will according to Rousseau quizlet?
The will of the sovereign that seeks to promote the general welfare. Each individual have a unique will that communicates what is best for him in each given situation. The general will expresses what is in the best interests of the entire state.