Ch 1 through 8 are the first eight chapters of the book
|Which of the following ideas has psychology borrowed from natural physics?||effects are predictable and measurable|
|Who can be said to have inaugurated the era of modern psychology?||Descartes|
|Descartes makes a case that because the body is matter the laws of ____ apply.||mechanics|
What was the reflex arc notion developed by John Dewey in psychology?
- In his work titled “The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology,” John Dewey is credited with being the first to propose the concept of functional psychology in its early stages. What do you think was the most important point Dewey made in this paper? Behavior cannot be broken down into basic stimulus-response components in order to be effectively understood or examined.
- 1 What invention was considered the perfect metaphor for the spirit of mechanism?
- 2 Why was David Kinnebrook fired?
- 3 Which philosopher believed that the only things that humans know with certainty are those objects that are perceived?
- 4 What contextual forces have influenced the history of psychology quizlet?
- 5 What contributions did positivism materialism and empiricism make to psychology?
- 6 Was the first successful demonstration of artificial intelligence?
- 7 Has the science of psychology reached the paradigmatic stage of development?
- 8 What conclusions can be drawn from the study of the invisible gorilla?
- 9 Which psychologist burned his her own letters manuscripts and research notes before s/he died?
- 10 How did the British empiricists and the German psychologists differ in their approach to the study of the senses?
- 11 Who established psychology as a science?
- 12 Which philosopher argued that some of our ideas are not derived from experience?
- 13 What did Locke believe in philosophy?
- 14 Who is the philosopher who believes that the physical body is an important part of the self?
What invention was considered the perfect metaphor for the spirit of mechanism?
What invention was hailed as the best metaphor for the “spirit of mechanism” by the scientific community? Babbage’s calculating machine was invented in 1837.
Why was David Kinnebrook fired?
David Kinnebrook made his final observation at Greenwich Observatory on this day in 1796. Kinnebrook was later sacked for making observations that were in conflict with those of the Astronomer Royal, Nevil Maskelyne, who was at the time the reigning monarch.
Which philosopher believed that the only things that humans know with certainty are those objects that are perceived?
A representative theory of perception appears to be advocated by John Locke in his most important book in epistemology, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1789). To paraphrase Locke, the only objects that humans can sense are concepts (at least for the time being).
What contextual forces have influenced the history of psychology quizlet?
Since the beginning of time, contextual influences have had an impact on the development of psychological theory and research. Economic opportunities, international conflicts, prejudice, and discrimination have all played a role in the development of our contemporary psychological outlook.
What contributions did positivism materialism and empiricism make to psychology?
What were the contributions of positivism, materialism, and empiricism to the development of modern psychology? Positivism, materialism, and empiricism all had a role in the development of the new psychology since each of these concepts is the foundation of science. When and why did psychology first appear in Germany, rather than everywhere else?
Was the first successful demonstration of artificial intelligence?
The first effective artificial intelligence program was built in 1951 by Christopher Strachey, who went on to become the director of the Programming Research Group at Oxford University. On the Ferranti Mark I computer at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom, Strachey’s checkers (draughts) software was executed.
Has the science of psychology reached the paradigmatic stage of development?
Has the science of psychology progressed to the point where it can be considered paradigmatic? Due to the fact that there are several schools of thinking in psychology, and each has a protest movement that revolts against the present school of thought, and then another school of thought arises, psychology has not yet achieved a paradigmatic condition.
What conclusions can be drawn from the study of the invisible gorilla?
From the study of the Invisible Gorilla, what can be deduced about its personality? The field of psychology is distinguished by its diversity and division.
Which psychologist burned his her own letters manuscripts and research notes before s/he died?
Many pieces of information have been lost, such as John Watson’s letters, study notes, and unpublished manuscripts, which he burnt before his death.
How did the British empiricists and the German psychologists differ in their approach to the study of the senses?
What was the difference between the approaches taken by the British empiricists (BritE) and the German physiologists (GerP) in the study of the senses? The senses were investigated by the BritE from the perspective of philosophy. The GerP conducted his research on the senses using scientific procedures. The scientific investigation of the relationships that exist between mental and physical processes.
Who established psychology as a science?
His Existence. Wilhelm Wundt was a German psychologist who, in 1879, built the world’s first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany, where he worked for the next 30 years. It is largely acknowledged that this event marked the official creation of psychology as a scientific discipline distinct from biology and philosophy.
Which philosopher argued that some of our ideas are not derived from experience?
John Locke was a philosopher. Locke asserted that this line of reasoning is without merit. As far as he was concerned, all thoughts (with the exception of those that are “trifling”) could be explained in terms of experience.
What did Locke believe in philosophy?
Aristotle, Locke, and others Locke claimed that this line of reasoning lacks credibility. All thoughts (except from those that are “trifling”), he claimed, could be explained in terms of personal experience.
Who is the philosopher who believes that the physical body is an important part of the self?
Keeping this in mind, Maurice Merleau-Ponty thought that the physical body was an important component of the subjective self, and that it should be respected as such. Two of the most lauded, yet diametrically opposed, notions in the history of philosophy were directly challenged by this concept. They are empiricism and rationalism, to be specific.