How Do Lockes And Hobbes Ideas Connect? (Question)

More optimistically, Locke believes that the condition of nature is ruled by natural law and that it is governed by natural law. When he says that “nature hath created men so equal in the capacities of mind and body…the difference between man and man is not so significant,” Hobbes emphasizes the free and equal position of mankind in the state of nature.
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  • When it comes to the view that political authority arises from the consent of those who govern, Locke is in agreement with Hobbes. Additionally, both men believe that individuals living in a State of Nature will gladly accept to banding together to establish a political society, which is a point of agreement.

How were Hobbes and Locke’s ideas similar?

In addition to making significant contributions to modern political science, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both held similar ideas on the distribution of power in a democratic society. They are both in support of a popular compact or constitution, which is a form of governance in which the people delegate authority to their elected representatives.

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What did John Locke and Thomas Hobbes agree on?

For example, they both believe that political authority has non-divine roots, that there is a need for a social compact and that there should be a government, that all human beings are endowed with the same rights and freedoms, and that there is an ultimate state of nature for human beings.

How did Locke’s ideas differ with Hobbes ideas?

He thought that we had the right to life as well as the right to just and impartial protection of our property, all of which are guaranteed by the Constitution. In the event of a violation of the social compact, one would find himself at war with his fellow citizens. Hobbes, on the other hand, thought that as long as you merely follow orders, you will be safe.

How do Locke and Hobbes explain the formation of the social contract among citizens and a sovereign?

A voluntary agreement or social contract, according to Hobbes and Locke, was formed by individuals who recognized that only the establishment of sovereign power could protect them from the insecurity of nature’s state. Hobbes and Locke believed that the state was the result of a voluntary agreement, or social contract, made by individuals who recognized that only the establishment of sovereign power could protect them from the insecurity of nature’s state.

How did the ideas of Locke and Hobbes influence the founding fathers?

But Locke and the other Founding Fathers rejected Hobbes’ claim that the government has unlimited authority over its citizens, as Locke put it. Instead, in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, the Founding Fathers adopted Locke’s notions of the preservation of unalienable rights and the limitation of the power of the government.

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How does Locke’s theory of the social contract differ from Hobbes social contract theory?

(1) The ruler of Hobbes is not a party to any contract and is under no responsibility to preserve the inherent rights of his inhabitants. (2) (2) Locke has two contracts (between citizens and citizens, and between citizens and the government) in place of Hobbes’ one contract (between citizens and the government) (between citizens to obey the sovereign).

How did Locke view the social contract?

For the uninitiated, Locke’s social contract theory states that government was established through the consent of the people to be ruled by the majority, “(unless they explicitly agree on some number greater than the majority),” and that every man, upon reaching the age of majority, has the right to either continue under the government under which they were born or to choose another government.

Who disagreed with John Locke?

In 1690, Locke wrote his Two Treatises of Government, which are still in print today. He largely agreed with Hobbes on the severity of the state of nature, which necessitated the establishment of a social compact in order to maintain peace. Two main aspects, however, were where he differed with Hobbes.

How do Hobbes and Locke differ in their accounts of human nature?

Locke and Hobbes held radically different perspectives on the nature of human beings. In Locke’s view, human nature is represented by reason, whereas Hobbes views it as represented by power and desire. Locke argues that reason is the most important characteristic of human nature. Hobbes, on the other hand, believes that humans are primarily concerned with their own strength and hunger.

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How did Hobbes view the social contract?

When it came to human nature, Locke and Hobbes had diametrically opposed viewpoints. As for human nature, Locke declared it to be rational, whereas Hobbes argued it to be a combination of power and desire. The basic attribute of human nature, according to Locke, is reason. Alternatively, Hobbes believes that individuals are primarily concerned with power and hunger.

Why do humans come together in civil society what would Locke argue what does Hobbes argue do you agree more with Locke or Hobbes and why?

According to Thomas Hobbes, mankind form civil societies in order to avoid conflict with one another and live in harmony with one another. Because of this, males band together to prevent disputes and to enlist the support of others. I agree with Locke more than I do with Hobbes because Locke argues from the standpoint of nature.

How do Hobbes and Locke view the state of nature?

More optimistically, Locke believes that the condition of nature is ruled by natural law and that it is governed by natural law. When he says that “nature hath created men so equal in the capacities of mind and body…the difference between man and man is not so significant,” Hobbes emphasizes the free and equal position of mankind in the state of nature.

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